Periodontal disease is a disease of the gums around the teeth. Plaque grows on the surface of a tooth causing inflammation in the gums and periodontal tissues. This causes opening between the tooth and the tissue.¹ The openings continue to grow as more bacteria fill the pockets. As the pockets get worse, the bone starts to become damaged. If the damage gets too bad the tooth can detach from the bone and can be lost.¹Examination of Periodontal Disease
A periodontist checks the color and condition of the gums and measures the deepness of the pockets. X-rays are taken and the bone line is examined.² The movement of the teeth and the amount of calculus also reveals the stage the disease is at.² A treatment is determined by the severity of the disease. There are non-surgical treatments and surgical therapies.
It is any condition that is in the gums and affects the structure of the teeth³